Worldwide Fertilizers Consumption Forecast

Fertilizer, a chemical or natural substance added to soil to increase its fertility and thus enhances the growth of plants.

Fertilizers typically provide, in varying proportion:

Three main macronutrients:

  • Nitrogen (N): leaf growth;
  • Phosphorus (P): Development of roots, flowers, seeds, fruit;
  • Potassium (K): Strong stem growth, movement of water in plants, promotion of flowering and fruiting.

Three secondary macronutrients:

  • Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), and Sulfur (S)


  • Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Molybdenum (Mo), Zinc (Zn), Boron (B), and of occasional significance there are Silicon (Si), Cobalt (Co), and Vanadium (V).

Fertilizer consumption is dependent on human population and the increase of fertilizers consumption will mainly result from expansion of human population.


Historical Data

As shown in Figure 1, different regions have yielded various time-changing trajectories in fertilizers consumption as follows:


The total fertilizers consumption of the world increased rapidly before the mid-1980s. The consumption began to fluctuate since the mid-1980s.

Developed countries

Total fertilizers consumption in developed countries touched a peak during the years 1980 to 1985 and declined since this peak. It began to fluctuate after the late 1990s.

Developing countries

In developing countries, the total fertilizers consumption has been increasing since 1961.



  • Model analysis shows that world’s per capita annual consumption of total fertilizers, nitrogenous fertilizers, phosphate fertilizers, and potash fertilizers, is 34.6, 24.4, 6.6, and 3.7 kg, respectively.
  • Per capita annual consumption of total fertilizers for Asia, Africa, Caribbean, Oceania, North & Central America, Europe, and South America is 38.8, 5.9, 6.8, 114.0, 62.9, −0.9, and 43.6 kg, respectively.
  • The world’s total fertilizers consumption will reach to 226,150,381 MT by 2030, an increase of 32.1% against current level.
  • Compared to the current level, worldwide consumption of nitrogenous fertilizers, phosphate fertilizers, and potash fertilizers will reach 141,800,601, 50,961,129, and 33,388,650 MT by 2030, increasing 37.5, 25.8, and 21.2% based on current levels. For Asia and Africa, consumption of total, nitrogenous, phosphate, and potash fertilizers will increase 54 to 55% and 40 to 60% by 2030, respectively.
  • There will be an increase of 39.4% for the total fertilizers consumption in North & Central America by 2030, and in South America and Oceania it will increase by 30.9 and 64.7%, respectively.
  • By 2030, Caribbean’s consumption for total fertilizers will increase 2.8% and for Europe, total fertilizers consumption is forecast to continuously decline and will have a decrease of 2.4% by 2030.
  • Annual relative growths of consumption of total fertilizers, nitrogenous fertilizers, phosphate fertilizers, and potash fertilizers for the world, Africa, Asia, and South America were forecast to decrease in the forecast period.
  • For North & Central America, annual relative growths of consumption of total fertilizers and nitrogenous fertilizers will decrease and the others will increase annually by 2030.
  • Annual relative growths of consumption of total fertilizers, phosphate fertilizers, and potash fertilizers for Oceania were forecast to rise annually by 2030. Europe’s annual relative growths of consumption of total fertilizers and potash fertilizers will decrease in the future.

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By: Dhananjai

Possible Threats that Chemical Industry Might Face in 2017



Eurozone – The European Union went through few challenges in 2016, even known that Eurozone GDP rose by about 0.4%, the region is still struggling to create any major scope of business for the chemical industry. In addition, experts predict many uncertainties could happen over the trade agreements between the region and U.S which are backed by Trump administration.

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The situation in Chinese Market – The second largest economy in the world and one of the important players in the chemical industry, in 2016 China had 6.7% GDP expansion which matched the previous annual GPD for the first time in 26 years. The slowdown in private investment, growing corporate debt, industrial overcapacity and geopolitical uncertainties brought up by North Korea might fall over the chemical industry in the region.


Price Barriers in Fertilizer and Agrichemical spaceThe pricing environment, especially pushed by overcapacity production, leave out the fertilizer and agricultural companies in the difficult situation. As we know, the price of potash is to drop even further due to the overcapacity production. The global market of potash, facing inevitable fate where the suppliers have to cope with the harsh pricing. By observation, we can say that nitrogen is following a similar trend. New production lines together with excessive outputs will affect the bottom line pricing. The situation in North America, as we saw the rise of nitrogen capacity will further affect the pricing environment in 2017-18.

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The situation in the Energy SectorThe global situation in the energy sector, especially the market of crude oil still in an unfavorable situation for suppliers. Extensive production led the prices to the bottom line. Even known, today a barrel of crude oil is trading at $50.46 and backed by expert noting that it will stabilize in the future, it won’t leave the suppliers calm because of fracking activities in the US. It affected the oil processing chemicals, the prices shrank and it will correlate in the future depending on the situation in the energy sector.